Cannabis – a tall plant with a stiff upright stem, divided serrated leaves, and glandular hairs. The plant is also known as hemp, although this term is often used to refer only to varieties of Cannabis cultivated for non-drug use.
Hemp – a strain of the Cannabis sativa plant species that is grown specifically for the industrial uses of its derived products. Although cannabis as a drug and industrial hemp both derive from the species Cannabis sativa and contain the psychoactive component tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), they are distinct strains with unique phytochemical compositions and uses.
Cannabidiol (CBD) – A crystalline, non-intoxicating cannabinoid found in cannabis and hemp that is used medicinally for epilepsy, mood disorders, anxiety, and has a number of beneficial effects, but does not produce the euphoric feelings associated with marijuana.
CBD Oil – An extract from the flowering portions of the hemp plant which is combined with other oils to create flavor. CBD typically contains no THC and has no psychoactive properties.
Marijuana – A dried mixture of cannabis leaves and flowers containing THC and used either recreationally (to induce pleasure, euphoria, relaxation, etc.) or medicinally (to treat disease or alleviate symptoms).
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) – One of the psychoactive cannabinoids and the most prevalent in Indica marijuana. THC is the chemical responsible for most of marijuana’s psychological effects. THC attaches to receptors in the brain and causes a number of psychoactive effects. THC is a compound found in the resin secreted by glands of the marijuana plant.
Cannabinoid – One of a class of chemical compounds that acts on cannabinoid receptors in the human brain (these receptors are also known as the endocannabinoid system that alters neurotransmitter releases in the brain).
Endocannabinoids – Chemicals produced by the body that target cannabinoid receptors in the brain.
Endocannabinoid Receptors – Binding sites for cannabinoids within the brain and the body.
Endocannabinoid System – In the body, the Endocannabinoid System (ECS) is any chemical compound naturally produced in the human body which binds to the same brain receptors as cannabinoids. The endocannabinoid system is involved in regulating a variety of physiological and cognitive processes including fertility, appetite, pain-sensation, mood, as well as in mediating the pharmacological effects of cannabis. The ECS is the ultimate balancer in the body, regulating a number of systems associated with emotion and feelings.
Isolate – Pure CBD that removes all naturally occurring matter from the plant including THC, terpenes, wax, oil, and so on. CBD Isolate does not cause a “high” like marijuana.
Terpenes – Hydrocarbons found in the essential oils of plants that give cannabis and other plants their distinctive flavors. Terpenes help differentiate the types of strains: they indicate which plants are better for enhancing focus and productivity versus plants that promote relaxation and reducing stress.
Cannabis Oil – Concentrated cannabis extracts that usually contain high concentrations of THC and provide intense psychoactive effects.
Entourage Effect – Refers to the theory that combining a number of biologically active compounds of the entire cannabis plant that could result in providing further therapeutic effects when administered in combination with otherwise inactive compounds (as opposed to administering these compounds in isolation). This theory has neither universal approval or refutation from the scientific community and needs further study.